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Load Ratings (AS3996)


Access Covers and Grates are designated by classes A, B, C, D, E, F & G according to load capacity set out in the table below. This table is an extract from AS3996-2019.

Note: AS3996 updated

A revised and updated version of AS3996 was published on March 22, 2019.Β  Industry agrees that there is a natural transition of products from the 2006 version to the 2019 version of 12 to 18 months (ie. Mid/Late 2020). For more information, visitΒ Revised Standards AS3996 .

Choosing the right load rating according to AS3996.

The appropriate class for a cover or grate depends on the location of installation. Some examples are outlined in this table; however it is the responsibility of the designer to ensure an appropriate class is selected and/or specified. Specifics of the location should be taken into consideration when selecting the right cover or grate.

The speed of traffic, wheel type and the physical position (turning area) should all be assessed.


1. Nominal wheel loads are given as a guide only. Consideration should be given to the type, size and pneumatic pressure of the load applied. 2. Class B design loads exceed AS5100.2 requirements for footway loading. 3. Class D design loads exceed AS5100.2 requirements for a W80 wheel load. 4. Class C loads are based on an intermediate load. 5. The serviceability load is set at 2/3 of the ultimate limit state design load. 6. A force of 1kN approximately equal to 100kg.

Mascot Engineering is a founding member of the Grates & Access Covers Alliance (GACA) and industry forum managed by the AI Group.